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Components of Fitness

Components of Fitness

Fitness is not only about building muscular strength and endurance, but also about gaining flexibility, speed, and balance. Read on to know the various components of fitness.
Aastha Dogra
Last Updated: Mar 7, 2019
Being healthy and being fit are two different things. A person is considered healthy when he is physically, mentally, spiritually, and socially fit. On the other hand, fitness is used to describe just the physical part of overall health. Do you know that experts have further divided physical fitness into a number of small components?
Components
There are in all, five health related components, namely, cardiovascular endurance, flexibility, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and body composition. Here are the scientific definitions for each one of them.
Muscular Endurance
pilates
It is the ability of a particular muscle, or a group of muscles, to continue to exert force or to sustain work for an extended period of time.
Body Composition
It is a measure of the percentage of body fat, in relation to the total body mass of a person.
Muscular Strength
muscular training
It is defined as the maximum force that a muscle, or a group of muscles, can exert in a single effort, while facing resistance.
Cardiovascular Endurance
aerobics
Cardiovascular endurance depicts how effectively the heart delivers blood, oxygen, and nutrients, to the working muscles. It is also a measure of the muscles ability to use these nutrients effectively.
Flexibility
Aerobics class doing flexibility exercises
It is the ability of the body to move a joint, or a group of joints, through an entire range of motion, without any hindrance from excess fat or muscle.
A person should understand his body's composition, and work towards its betterment. As excess fat in the body can have a negative effect on one's overall health.
Fat loss can be stimulated by engaging in physical activities regularly, this will also increase cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and muscular strength, and help the person to achieve the right body composition.
Performance Related Elements
Performance related elements affect a person's athletic ability. There are five such elements, namely, speed, agility, power, motor skills, and balance. By regularly training, following a workout program, losing weight, and following a healthy and balanced diet, one can greatly improve upon these fronts.
Woman smiling at the camera mid-workout at the gym
There are certain principles of exercising which should be followed by everybody, especially by the athletes. These are:
  • Exercise regularly and include cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility, and muscular strength in your exercise.
Serious woman doing sit ups on a pink exercise mat
  • Maintain a balance of all these components in your workout program.
  • Increase the intensity of training from time to time, in order to build endurance.
Along with exercising, giving the body ample time to rest is equally important. So, strenuous activity days should be followed by either a rest day, or a light exercise day. Keeping all these important principles in mind is very important while designing a workout program.