Yoga, is a word derived from Sanskrit, meaning the 'union with the divine'. It is a method which teaches the individual soul to connect with the Supreme Soul or what we better relate to as, God.
Yoga Poses for Beginners
The surya namaskar is one of the foremost yoga poses. It literally means, 'salute to the sun'. This asana or posture, uses the entire body, from head to toe, to worship the sun. This yoga posture is practiced as a physical exercise for fitness by world at large.
However, a surya namaskar can be performed as total sadhana and devotation, which accomplished the asana, pranayama, mantra and chakra meditation. This exercise is supposed to be done at sunrise to reach a spiritual arousal. A full surya namaskar, consists of two sets of 12 poses. Ideally, this yoga postures is to be repeated 12 times with the 12 mantras.
This yoga posture provides a thorough massage to every curve of your body and flexing and working on every important part of the body. This ensures your body gets the required strength and shape. This yoga exercise helps the heart by providing much-needed exercise to the cardiac muscles and arteries.
With synchronized breathing and body movements of ashtanga namaskar and chanting of mantras, it lightens up the piled up anger, agitations, and anger within. This yoga technique cleanses the soul and restores the lost radiance within, changing the reflection of your aura to a positive one.
There are many types of pranayams practiced in various schools of yoga. Surya Bhedan, Bhasrika, Ujjayi, Shitali, Sitkari, Bhramari, Murchha & Plavini Pranayama are the breathing exercises practiced in Hatha Yoga.
Anulom - Vilom, quiet breathing, deep breathing and fast breathing are some more breathing exercises that are popularly practiced by beginners to experience the mental and physical harmony, which is often hidden beneath the random rantings of the preoccupied mind.
The yoga basics end with Shavasna, which is the final yoga pose. A yoga exercise session surceases with shavasan. Shava refers to a dead body and asana means posture. Thus this yoga posture is about getting in a relaxed position, just like a corpse, which is ready to depart the material world and enter a new life filled with hope and energy.
These are the four yoga basics to begin with. Yoga, as a form of traditional exercise, is a technique of directing the human personality beyond the whimpering of the harrowed life. It aims at uplifting the broken down spirit and unfolding its inner strength the peace within for the peace outside.